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 It’s official; the Liberal Party of Canada, under the leadership of re-elected Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, will form a minority government, as initially reported by CBC and many other national news outlets.

The results vary only slightly from that of the 2019 election results, with the party seat counts breaking down as follows as of the writing of this article: Liberals with 158, Conservatives with 119, the Bloc Quebecois with 34, the NDP with 25, and the Green Party with 2 seats. 

For comparison’s sake, in 2019 the Liberals secured 157 seats, the Conservatives 121, the Bloc 32, the NDP 24, and the Greens 3. Note that these totals vary due to the fact that Jody Wilson-Raybould was elected as an independent candidate in the 2019 election.

In 2019, the Liberals received approximately 33% of the vote, as of writing this article, they are around 32% of the popular vote. The Conservatives have held steady at around 34% of the vote in both elections. The Bloc’s share has increased from about 7.5% of the national vote to 8% respectively (important to note: they only run candidates in the province of Quebec). The NDP received about 16% of the vote in 2019, and are currently at around 17.5% of the vote. The Green Party had 6.5% of the vote in 2019 and as of now have only secured just over 2% of the vote. Lastly, the People’s Party received about 1.5%of the vote in 2019, and as of right now have just over 5%.

While national vote share has clearly shifted hands to some degree, this has had little impact on the distribution of seats in the House of Commons. 

At 1:20 a.m. on Tuesday, Sept. 21, Liberal leader Justin Trudeau gave his victory speech to the media. He spoke to the mandate he believed his party received in this election, as well as the unity he feels he saw on the campaign trail, in spite of the great division many in the media had noted.

He also made note of the fact that folks are tired of talk of the pandemic and politics, something that was certainly seen across party lines throughout this election.

An important note of his acceptance speech was that of $10 a day childcare, something that is close to becoming a reality, as nearly all provinces have signed agreements with the federal government to make this happen.

Conservative Leader Erin O’Toole gave his concession speech earlier in the night, after results showed that he was unable to make the gains he had promised and as would be required of him to build on the performance of Andrew Scheer and to ultimately form a Conservative government.

O’Toole spoke to the fact that he was able to keep the Liberals at a minority government, as well as the financial and societal impacts that this election, called by Trudeau, will have. Similarly to Trudeau, O’Toole also spoke to the need for unity over division, something that was certainly highlighted during this election campaign, across all parties. Importantly, O’Toole did not resign. In fact, he pleaded to remain on as leader, meaning that such a decision regarding his future as leader will have to be decided by a leadership review sometime down the road.

Jagmeet Singh offered a very congratulatory concession speech. As a generally positive political force, the speech seemed to be characteristic for Singh, as he spoke to some of his party’s key positions they fought to secure during the pandemic. His speech was focussed largely on compassion and caring for those in need in your community. He basically did not speak to their electoral outcome, despite increasing the party’s seat count in this election.

Green Party Leader Annamie Paul gave her concession speech last evening as well. She was very positive about the fact that the Green’s were able to send two MP’s to parliament. She also wished good luck to Paul Manly, the incumbent MP of Nanaimo-Ladysmith, who is currently losing in his race to NDP candidate Lisa Marie Barron. She thanked her family, as well as Marcy Ien, the Liberal candidate who defeated her in the race to become MP for Toronto Centre. Paul finished in fourth place in the Toronto Centre race, finishing behind the NDP candidate Brian Chang, as well as the Conservative candidate Ryan Lester.

Lastly, Maxime Bernier of the People’s Party of Canada was extremely congratulatory to his party faithful in his concession speech, despite not winning a single seat. He argued that they did not just represent a party, but an ideological revolution. His speech was received extremely positively by his party’s ravenous base, who has been motivated heavily by the pandemic, particularly in opposition to provincial mask mandates and vaccine passports. Certainly, his party’s most committed supporters do not seem phased by their election result. 

Eyes will now be on the Liberal leader Justin Trudeau, as he will now have to look to the opposition parties in crafting his party’s strategy to begin governing. In order to do so, they will require the confidence of the house, meaning that the Liberals will require a majority of MPs in parliament to vote in favour of their throne speech and other government legislation. This will likely mean that they will have to cooperate with the Bloc Quebecois or the NDP, as they did during their previous minority mandate prior to this election. However, only time will tell what this governing arrangement will look like.

Note: This article was written while election results were being finalized. As mail-in ballots are recorded and final vote tallies are counted, the results of the election may change. Please be sure to check back here for updates, as well as with other reputable news sources for any critical updates in the coming days and weeks.